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  • Family practitioners are concerned with the heath-care needs of families. They receive broad training that allows them to treat about 90% of all problems presented to them by patients.

  • Doctors of internal medicine diagnose and treat diseases of the internal organs, such as the heart, liver, and lungs.

  • Surgeons use surgical procedures to repair injuries, fight disease, and correct deformities and defects. Surgeons can work in many specialties like orthopedics, oncology, or neurology.

  • Pediatricians care for infants and children.

  • Psychiatrists help people with their emotional problems and treat and prevent diseases of the mind.

  • Anesthesiologists administer anesthetics for diagnostic and surgical procedures.

  • Cardiologists are doctors who specialize in diseases of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels. They diagnose and manage life-threatening conditions like heart attacks and abnormal heartbeat rhythms.

  • Dermatologists are concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the skin, mouth, hair, and nails.

  • Endocrinologists are concerned with the complex collection of hormone-producing glands that control basic body functions like metabolism and growth. Too much or too little of a certain hormone can have effects throughout the body and cause various endocrine disorders. The endocrine system consists of the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, pancreas, adrenal cortex, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands and gonads.

  • Gastroenterologists specialize in treating the digestive organs, including the stomach, bowels, liver, and gallbladder. Conditions affecting these organs include abdominal pain, ulcers, cancer, and jaundice.

  • Neurologists provide diagnosis and treatment of all types of disease or impaired function of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, muscles, and nervous systems.

  • Hematologists specialize in diseases of the blood, spleen, and lymph glands. They diagnose and treat conditions like anemia, clotting disorders, sickle cell disease, hemophilia, and cancers like leukemia and lymphoma.

  • Histopathologists study the human tissue for signs of disease. They often examine tissue that has been removed during surgery to determine if it is malignant or not. They also examine preserved organs which will be used in transplant surgery.

  • Immunologists evaluate, diagnose and manage disorders involving the immune system. Some examples of such conditions include asthma, anaphylaxis, eczema, and adverse reactions to drugs, foods and insect stings.

  • Nephrologists are concerned with disorders of the kidney, high blood pressure, and fluid and mineral balance. They often work with other surgeons for patients requiring kidney removal or transplants.

  • Obstetricians and gynecologists care for women during and after pregnancy, deliver babies, and treat problems related to the female reproductive organs.

  • Oncologists are physicians who study, diagnose, and treat cancerous tumors. Oncologists may also specialize in many areas including radiological oncology, treating cancer through radiation therapy; clinical oncology, working to find the most successful strategies to fight cancer; and pediatric oncologists, treating children with cancer.

  • Opthalmologists treat diseases and defects of the eye.

  • Orthopedists treat diseases, fractures, and deformities of the bones and joints.

  • Otolaryngologists are head and neck surgeons who diagnose and treat disorders of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck.

  • Podiatrists treat conditions that affect the feet or ankles. Conditions they commonly treat include nail problems, flat feet, arch pain, fractures, and sports related injuries.

  • Physiatrists specialize in "physical medicine and rehabilitation". Their expertise is in helping people cope with the physical effects of a disorder, like eating, breathing and moving. They are usually highly skilled in the areas of exercise, assisted ventilation and the use of rehabilitation equipment.

  • Plastic surgeons correct functional and cosmetic problems. They perform procedures to improve appearance, to repair scars or burned skin, or reconstruct areas damaged by cancer or accidents.

  • Pulmonologists specialize in disorders of the lungs and structures associated with the lungs, such as the muscles that control breathing.



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